Since 1993, Jack Phillips has created custom cakes at his bakery, Masterpiece Cakeshop, in Lakewood, Colorado. From kid's birthday cakes in the shape of tractors and penguins to multi-tiered wedding cakes covered in fondant flowers and bows, Jack uses his creativity and artistic talent to create edible works of art that help celebrate the most special occasions.
In 2012, David Mullins and Charlie Craig entered the shop hoping to have Jack create a wedding cake to celebrate their same-sex union. While same-sex marriage wasn't legal in Colorado at the time (a voter-approved constitutional amendment defining marriage in Colorado as between one man and one woman was first struck down by a state court in 2014), the couple decided to get married in a different state and celebrate with a reception in Colorado.
Jack respectfully declined to use his creative talents in that way because he is a Christian and believes in biblical marriage between one man and one woman. He did offer to make them any other type of cake for any other event, but the couple still filed a complaint, and the Colorado Civil Rights Commission agreed that Jack was guilty of discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation.
The Commission apparently felt that Jack's right not to be forced by the government to lend his creative talents to an event that violates his conscience was less important than the couple's desire to have him make their cake. One commissioner even went so far as to call religious freedom a “despicable piece of rhetoric” that slaveholders, the Nazi perpetrators of the Holocaust, and Jack Phillips himself used to justify their actions.
Yes, one of the commissioners who sat in judgment of whether Jack has a right to operate his business according to his religious beliefs invoked Nazis and slaveholders as justifications to deny Jack his religious freedom. Jack was entitled to a fair hearing, but it is doubtful he got one from commissioners that hold such a dim view of religious liberty.
My point is this: activists have argued over and over that same-sex marriage does not affect anyone but the two people getting married. I think Jack Phillips would disagree—don't you?
Over the last few years, people like Jack, who believe in marriage as the union of one man and one woman, are being targeted, their livelihoods are being threatened, and they are even being ordered to attend government-run "re-education" programs, all because they refuse to promote or participate in something that conflicts with their conscience.
Jack is an upstanding small business owner who has run his business for over 20 years in accordance with his faith. Now, the state is telling him that he can't do it anymore. In addition to being ordered to re-educate his staff that his religious beliefs are illegal, Jack must file quarterly reports with the Commission to ensure that he's playing by their rules. These reports must include the number of patrons declined a wedding cake or any other product and why they were declined to ensure that Jack has fully eliminated his religious beliefs from his business.
This is not liberty and justice for all—this is just another example of people using same-sex marriage as an excuse to strip away religious freedom in America.
“Americans should not be forced by the government – or by another citizen – to endorse or promote ideas with which they disagree,” said ADF Allied Attorney Nicolle Martin, who together with ADF has appealed the ruling on Jack's behalf. “This is not about the people who asked for a cake; it’s about the message the cake communicates. Just as Jack doesn’t create baked works of art for other events with which he disagrees, he doesn’t create cake art for same-sex ceremonies regardless of who walks in the door to place the order.”
There are plenty of people on both sides of the issue who don't believe someone like Jack should be vilified and punished because he holds the time-honored belief that marriage is the union of one man and one woman—and that's a good thing. But the sad truth is it's already happened and it will continue to happen to others like Jack regardless of what the Supreme Court decides about marriage later this month.
ADF is committed to defending people like Jack who are brave enough to take a stand for what is right, but we can't do it alone.
You can help us make a difference for religious liberty right now by giving a gift to help defend Jack and others just like him who simply want to live out their faith on a daily basis.
Religious FreedomWhy Two Female Athletes in Idaho Joined a Legal Battle Over a State Law
Female athletes deserve a voice in this lawsuit and the opportunity to protect women’s sports in Idaho.
Religious FreedomBig Win! This Wedding Officiant Won’t Be Forced to Perform Ceremonies Against Her Beliefs
Fortunately, Kristi still has the freedom to participate in the ceremonies she chooses, proclaim the messages she agrees with, and practice the beliefs she holds most dear.
Religious FreedomDo Wedding Officiants Have the Freedom to Decide What Ceremonies They Perform?
As Kristi Stokes developed and grew her business, Covenant Weddings, she found out something troubling about her local laws.