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Supreme Court of the United States

Emilee Carpenter Photography v. James

Court: Appellate Court

Status: Active

Last Updated: 4/18/2022



New York state law forces photographer and blogger Emilee Carpenter to create photographs and blogs celebrating same-sex weddings if she does so for weddings between one man and one woman. Penalties for violating the law include fines of up to $100,000, a revoked business license, and up to a year in jail.

(Photo credit: Emilee Carpenter)



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Legal Documents



Bryan Neihart

Legal Counsel

Bryan Neihart serves as legal counsel with Alliance Defending Freedom, where he is a member of the Center for Conscience Initiatives.

Jonathan Scruggs

Senior Counsel, Director of the Center for Conscience Initiatives

Jonathan Scruggs serves as senior counsel and director of the Center for Conscience Initiatives with Alliance Defending Freedom.

Additional Resources


One-page summary

Resource page: Freedom of conscience

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