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Country Mill Farms v. City of East Lansing
Case

Country Mill Farms v. City of East Lansing

Last Updated: 9/14/2021

Overview

Summary

The city of East Lansing, Michigan crafted a new policy to oust Steve Tennes, an organic apple farmer and owner of Country Mill Farms, from the local farmer’s market. City officials targeted Steve after seeing a Facebook post where he stated his view that marriage is the union of one man and one woman.

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Legal Documents

Court
Title
Date
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{"Court": "Trial Court", "Title": "District court summary judgment order", "FileName": "https://adflegal.blob.core.windows.net/mainsite-new/docs/default-source/documents/legal-documents/country-mill-farms-v.-city-of-east-lansing/country-mill-farms-v-city-of-east-lansing---district-court-summary-judgment-order.pdf", "Date": "12/18/2019 11:20:31 PM"}, {"Court": "Trial Court", "Title": "Plaintiffs' reply brief", "FileName": "https://adflegal.blob.core.windows.net/mainsite-new/docs/default-source/documents/legal-documents/country-mill-farms-v.-city-of-east-lansing/country-mill-farms-v-city-of-east-lansing---plaintiffs'-reply-brief.pdf", "Date": "3/7/2019 9:29:33 PM"}, {"Court": "Trial Court", "Title": "Memorandum in support of plaintiffs’ motion for summary judgment", "FileName": "https://adflegal.blob.core.windows.net/mainsite-new/docs/default-source/documents/legal-documents/country-mill-farms-v.-city-of-east-lansing/country-mill-farms-v-city-of-east-lansing---memorandum-in-support-of-plaintiffs-motion-for-summary-judgment.pdf", "Date": "1/24/2019 5:54:02 PM"}, {"Court": "Trial Court", "Title": "Preliminary injunction order", "FileName": "https://adflegal.blob.core.windows.net/mainsite-new/docs/default-source/documents/legal-documents/country-mill-farms-v.-city-of-east-lansing/country-mill-farms-v-city-of-east-lansing---preliminary-injunction-order.pdf", "Date": "9/15/2017 8:35:55 PM"}, {"Court": "Trial Court", "Title": "Brief in opposition to motion to dismiss", "FileName": "https://adflegal.blob.core.windows.net/mainsite-new/docs/default-source/documents/legal-documents/country-mill-farms-v.-city-of-east-lansing/country-mill-farms-v-city-of-east-lansing---brief-in-opposition-to-motion-to-dismiss.pdf", "Date": "8/11/2017 8:35:55 PM"}, {"Court": "Trial Court", "Title": "Reply brief in support of preliminary injunction", "FileName": "https://adflegal.blob.core.windows.net/mainsite-new/docs/default-source/documents/legal-documents/country-mill-farms-v.-city-of-east-lansing/country-mill-farms-v-city-of-east-lansing---reply-brief-in-support-of-preliminary-injunction.pdf", "Date": "8/11/2017 8:35:55 PM"}, {"Court": "Trial Court", "Title": "Motion for and brief in support of preliminary injunction", "FileName": "https://adflegal.blob.core.windows.net/mainsite-new/docs/default-source/documents/legal-documents/country-mill-farms-v.-city-of-east-lansing/country-mill-farms-v-city-of-east-lansing---motion-for-and-brief-in-support-of-preliminary-injunction.pdf", "Date": "6/9/2017 8:35:55 PM"}, {"Court": "Trial Court", "Title": "Complaint", "FileName": "https://adflegal.blob.core.windows.net/mainsite-new/docs/default-source/documents/legal-documents/country-mill-farms-v.-city-of-east-lansing/country-mill-farms-v-city-of-east-lansing---complaint.pdf", "Date": "5/31/2017 8:35:55 PM"}
]}

Legal Documents

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Date

Biographies

Kate Anderson

Senior Counsel and Director, Center for Parental Rights

Kate Anderson serves as senior counsel with Alliance Defending Freedom, where she is the director of the Center for Parental Rights.

Frequently Asked Questions

Who is Steve Tennes?

Steve Tennes is a farmer and owner of Country Mill Farms in Michigan. He and his wife Bridget are devout Catholics and military veterans. After serving their country, the two decided to move back to Michigan to take over operation of his family’s farm where they are now raising their seven children.

Where is Country Mill Farms?

The Tennes family’s farm is located in Charlotte, Michigan, which is just over 20 miles outside of East Lansing.

Why did the city of East Lansing ban Country Mill Farms from its farmer’s market?

Steve Tennes was asked on the Country Mill Farms Facebook page whether he would use his farm to host a same-sex wedding. Steve replied that, though he serves everyone, he would decline to host a same-sex ceremony because he believes that marriage is between one man and one woman and operates his business accordingly. Because of that post, East Lansing began pressuring Country Mill to leave its city-run farmer’s market. The City then created a new policy aimed at keeping them out for their views. They then used that policy to kick Country Mill out of the market.

Does Country Mill Farms serve everyone?

Yes. Steve and Bridget happily serve everybody through their farm and at the East Lansing farmer’s market, and they have done so for years. In fact, the city of East Lansing discriminated against him by punishing him simply for sharing his religious views about marriage in a Facebook post.

Can a city like East Lansing ban someone from a farmer’s market over a Facebook post?

No. The government can’t treat some people worse than others simply because it doesn’t like their religious beliefs. That’s a violation of the First Amendment. You don’t have to agree with Steve Tennes’s view on marriage to support his freedom to live and work consistently with his faith. Because, if East Lansing officials have the power to target Country Mill Farms for their beliefs, they can target anyone.

Additional Resources

 

Watch: Farmer wants to sell food to all people, but East Lansing won't let him

Jonathan Scruggs: East Lansing bans apple farmer from market for being a faithful Catholic (The Federalist, 2017-06-19)

Steve Tennes: Farmer’s market lawsuit: East Lansing wrong to ban me (Detroit Free Press, 2017-09-13)

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