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Jewish Counselor Dr. Dovid Schwartz Challenged New York City's Anti-Free Speech Law—And Won

Dr. Dovid Schwartz challenged a New York City law that would have limited his free speech as a psychotherapist.
Alliance Defending Freedom
Dr. Dovid Schwartz challenged a New York City law that would have limited his free speech as a psychotherapist.

Dr. Dovid Schwartz has been a counselor for over 40 years.

During that time, he’s walked with patients through various struggles, from addiction to family issues. By simply having a conversation with his patients—and offering some suggestions—Dr. Schwartz has helped many of them pursue and achieve their personal goals.

Dr. Schwartz never expected the government to step in and tell him what conversations were off limits with his patients. But that is exactly what he faced in New York City.

That’s why Dr. Schwartz found himself involved in a lawsuit against his local government. And, thankfully, that stand ultimately paid off.

Here’s a closer look at this courageous client and his case.
Alliance Defending Freedom
Alliance Defending Freedom
Dr. Dovid Schwartz, an Orthodox Jewish counselor, challenged a New York City law to protect his freedom of speech.

Who is Dr. Dovid Schwartz?

Dr. Dovid Schwartz views his faith and work as intertwined.

He was raised in a secular Jewish home but embraced the Orthodox Jewish faith as a young man. He now lives in an Orthodox Jewish neighborhood in New York City, where he has a private practice.

Many of the patients who come to Dr. Schwartz share his religious beliefs and convictions, and they value the fact that he understands and respects their personal goals that may be guided by their religious beliefs.

As a psychotherapist, Dr. Schwartz simply listens to his patients, talks with them, and sometimes makes suggestions—which they can embrace or ignore.

It’s a profession built on trust. His patients come to confide deeply personal things—sometimes things they have not even admitted out loud to themselves. And they expect those discussions to remain private. That trust is important for their progress and healing.

But the government attempted to pry into and censor those conversations, threatening Dr. Schwartz’s ability to help and his patients’ desire to seek help at all.

Schwartz v. City of New York

In 2018, New York City adopted an ordinance that censors what therapists can say as they work with their patients—a clear violation of free speech.

While the ordinance allowed counselors to help a patient explore, develop, or gain comfort with same-sex attraction or transgender identities, it prohibited any person from providing paid services that help people address unwanted same-sex attractions or confusion over gender identity.

The penalties were substantial. The fines included $1,000 for the first violation, $5,000 for the second, and $10,000 for any violations after that.

There were two major problems with this ordinance:

1. It threatened the free speech of counselors.

2. It took options away from patients who were seeking guidance to help them live consistently with their religious beliefs.

Dr. Dovid Schwartz regularly serves patients who want his help changing or overcoming same-sex attraction. Because many of Dr. Schwartz’s clients share his faith, they often desire to develop opposite-sex attraction so they can marry, form a natural family, and live consistently with their Orthodox Jewish beliefs.

Dr. Schwartz didn’t feel he could stand by and tell his patients that he cannot help them—that there is no hope. So, he decided to challenge this unconstitutional ordinance in court.

What’s at stake?

The conversations that Dr. Schwartz has with his patients are private. And the government should not insert itself into those conversations by forcing Dr. Schwartz to be a mouthpiece for its favored viewpoint on human sexuality.

On top of that, the government has no business telling people what personal goals they can or can’t pursue. If a man wants to marry a woman and have a family, that’s his choice. The government cannot keep him from pursuing that goal simply because it disagrees. And it cannot prohibit him from seeking help in that pursuit from a trusted counselor.

Case timeline

The bottom line

All Americans, secular and religious, deserve the right to hold private conversations with the trusted counselors they choose, free from government censorship.

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