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Church forced underground…in Rockdale County, Ga.

County’s rules only allow large, wealthy churches to rent property

ATLANTA, Ga. — Alliance Defense Fund attorneys filed a lawsuit against Rockdale County Thursday for refusing a small church access to several different properties for its worship services because the properties are less than three acres. The restriction does not apply to non-religious groups.

“Government officials should not use zoning restrictions to close down religious services of small, start-up churches,” said ADF Senior Legal Counsel Erik Stanley. “Not only is it irresponsible to target small ministries dedicated to serving the community, it’s unconstitutional and violates federal law.”

Rockdale County’s zoning code restricts churches from meeting on property of less than three acres in any zoning district but does not similarly restrict other groups. The county’s code also requires churches to obtain special use permits and prohibits them from locating in limited industrial districts. These restrictions do not apply to non-religious groups, including sports centers, day care centers, libraries, performing arts centers, recreational clubs, and educational institutions.

In February of last year, the county denied New Generation Christian Church a meter to heat a building it rented, citing the zoning code’s three-acre limit on churches. The following month, the church applied for another meter for a different building, but the county refused the request on similar grounds.

Last month, the church requested permission to rent the vacant property they initially occupied, but the county again denied the request for the same reasons, forcing the congregation to meet in the inadequate basement of a jewelry store. As a small, start-up church, New Generation cannot afford to purchase or lease a property of three acres or more.

“Under the city’s requirements, only non-religious groups and large, wealthy churches can find an adequate place to meet,” Stanley explained. “This is exactly why federal law protects churches from arbitrary and subjective zoning decisions.”

The lawsuit argues that the zoning code violates the church’s free exercise of religion guaranteed by the U.S. Constitution and the Religious Land Use and Institutionalized Persons Act, a federal law which protects churches and religious groups from burdensome and discriminatory zoning law restrictions on their property use. Along with the lawsuit, ADF attorneys filed a motion that asks the court to suspend the county’s restrictions while the case proceeds in court.

Atlanta attorney Craig Bertschi, one of more than 2,100 attorneys in the ADF alliance, is serving as local counsel in the lawsuit, New Generation Christian Church v. Rockdale County, filed with the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Georgia, Atlanta Division. 

ADF is a legal alliance of Christian attorneys and like-minded organizations defending the right of people to freely live out their faith. Launched in 1994, ADF employs a unique combination of strategy, training, funding, and litigation to protect and preserve religious liberty, the sanctity of life, marriage, and the family.


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